Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine is a degenerative-dystrophic disease that appears with changes in the intervertebral discs. The onset of pathology is diagnosed with an increased load on the intervertebral discs. If symptoms of the disease occur, it is recommended to undergo an examination and a course of treatment.
Causes of pathology
Thoracic osteochondrosis is a disease whose main cause is physical inactivity. The pathological process develops with an insufficient load on the muscles. In this case, the load on the intervertebral discs increases, which leads to the development of a pathological process. There are a number of provoking factors that lead to the development of the disease:
- Bad habits. . . Osteochondrosis of the chest develops in people who smoke or consume alcohol in large amounts.
- Trauma. . . People with a history of trauma to the sternum are at risk.
- Inheritance. . . Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine develops in people whose close relatives suffered from pathology.
With scoliosis or uneven posture, the development of the pathological process is diagnosed. If a person often experiences stressful situations or nervous overstrain, this becomes the cause of the disease. The appearance of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine is observed with insufficient mobility of a person.
People who have sedentary jobs are at risk. With frequent high physical exertion, a person develops pathology. Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine appears with the wrong lifestyle of a person or with the course of various diseases.
Symptoms of the disease.
Thoracic osteochondrosis is characterized by the presence of a large number of symptoms, after the appearance of which it is recommended to start immediate treatment. patients complain of acute pain in the thoracic spine. Increased pain is diagnosed if a person stays in one position for a long time. The signs of breast osteochondrosis in women and men are aggravated if they make sudden movements or lift weights.
In the back and chest area, a person has a feeling of tightness. During the course of the disease, certain parts of the body become numb, which is explained by damage to the nerve roots. Thoracic osteochondrosis is accompanied by the inability to sharply turn the body or sharply lift the arm. It is impossible to carry out manipulations due to the appearance of sharp pain.
Symptoms of thoracic osteochondrosis in women and men are manifested in the form of dull pain in the area of the shoulder blades. Against the background of insufficient blood circulation, a decrease in the temperature of the feet is observed. Patients complain of chills and goose bumps. Thoracic osteochondrosis is accompanied by other diseases, therefore it is accompanied by additional signs. In patients with pathology, intercostal neuralgia is diagnosed.
Symptoms of breast osteochondrosis in men and women are accompanied by bloating, constipation or diarrhea. The disease is accompanied by nausea or heartburn.Patients complain of itchy feet. . . . With pathology, the working capacity of blood vessels is disturbed, which causes peeling of the skin and brittle nails. Symptoms of breast osteochondrosis in women and men are manifested by a lack of oxygen. The reproductive and reproductive systems malfunction during illness.
Thoracic osteochondrosis is accompanied by acute paroxysmal prolonged pain. If the disease worsens, this leads to an increase in the severity of symptoms, which increases the load on the intervertebral discs. With pathology, there are signs of diseases such as pancreatitis, cholecystitis, urolithiasis.
Osteochondrosis of the chest is characterized by severe symptoms, which allows a person to determine it independently. To confirm the diagnosis, the patient should seek the help of a specialist.
Before treating osteochondrosis of the thoracic region, it is recommended to undergo appropriate diagnostic measures, which will determine the severity of the pathology and prescribe rational treatment for a person. Initially, the patient must be examined by a doctor who will collect the anamnesis. In stages 2-3 of the disease, the diagnosis is simplified, which is explained by a noticeable deformation of the skeleton. The anamnesis is taken to exclude or confirm a hereditary predisposition in a person.
Patients are advised to undergo blood and urine tests. If a pathology is suspected, an x-ray should be taken. This diagnostic measure allows you to identify osteophytes and establish their size. With the help of the study, it is possible to determine the height of the contours of the intervertebral discs. The x-ray shows the size and location of the herniated disc. X-rays are used to detect changes in the intervertebral discs.
Discography is used to determine the contours of the nucleus pulposus. This manipulation requires the use of contrast. To diagnose the disease, computed tomography is used in extremely rare cases, since its conduct leads to severe radiation of the patient. Since the symptoms of osteochondrosis are similar to the signs of coronary heart disease, the differential diagnosis is made by electrocardiography.
Gop osteochondrosis requires the use of a comprehensive diagnosis, which will not only make a diagnosis, but also determine the severity of the pathology.
Before treating thoracic osteochondrosis, it is recommended to determine its cause. Therapy of the disease should be aimed at eliminating the symptoms and provoking factors. Treatment of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine requires the use of drugs and manual therapy, as well as physical therapy exercises.
If there is an exacerbation of the disease, the woman or man should comply with bed rest. It is recommended to take drugs that have an antispasmodic effect. Patients are prescribed drugs that ensure the regeneration of bone tissue. The doctor selects drugs according to the severity of the disease and the individual characteristics of the body.
Treatment of thoracic osteochondrosis requires the use of:
- Analgesics. . . With the help of drugs, sharp pains in the chest area, which limit the normal functioning of the respiratory system, are eliminated.
- Antispasmodic drugs. . . They are taken to eliminate muscle spasms.
- Vitamins. . . With osteochondrosis in the chest, the use of B vitamins is recommended.
- Natural medicines. . . Medications are used to keep fluid in the intervertebral discs.
Treatment of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine with drugs is highly effective, provided they are correctly selected. Therefore, it is recommended to entrust this manipulation to the doctor.
During the course of the disease, the patient is recommended to do exercises, with the help of which the chest is strengthened. Their selection is made by the doctor in accordance with the individual characteristics of the patient and the severity of the course of the disease. Thanks to gymnastics, a complete elimination of painful sensations is carried out. Patients are advised to do breathing exercises.
Patients should do:
- Planks. . . The duration of the exercise should be at least 1. 5 minutes. The patient should gradually increase the load on the chest.
- Using the horizontal bar. . . In case of pathology, the patient must hang from a horizontal bar every day. The duration of the manipulation increases gradually.
- Complicated plank. . . The patient should be in a plank position and press the left leg and then the right to the chest. Exercise strengthens the joints and relieves tension in the thoracic region.
Treatment of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine with the use of physiotherapy exercises should be carried out in stationary conditions under the supervision of doctors, which will have a positive effect on efficiency.
Massage and manual therapy
During the course of thoracic osteochondrosis, the use of manual therapy is recommended, with the help of which the elimination of pain in the back pain is ensured. The action of the massage aims to reduce the tension in the muscular tissues. Thanks to manual therapy, the blood circulation in the human body is stabilized, so that the blood is effectively saturated with oxygen.
If a patient is diagnosed with pectalgia, the use of manual therapy is allowed only after prior consultation with a doctor.
Massage is an effective procedure used to strengthen the intervertebral discs and eliminate hypertonicity in the back muscles. It is recommended to use it in combination with other therapeutic measures, which will ensure a rapid recovery of the patient. Manual therapy and massage are auxiliary methods of treating osteochondrosis, with the help of which the patient's condition is improved.
Exacerbation of the disease.
With an exacerbation of thoracic osteochondrosis, the patient experiences severe pain that cannot be eliminated with painkillers. The exacerbation of the disease is often caused by excessive physical exertion and stressful situations. The onset of a pathological process is diagnosed in the context of hypothermia.
If signs of exacerbation occur, the patient is advised to remain in bed. For the relief of symptoms, it is recommended to carry out physiotherapeutic manipulations. If the patient has severe pain, it is recommended to take analgesics and antispasmodics. A person should take positions that do not cause pain.
With an exacerbation, the patient is shown to adhere to the rules of a balanced diet. Physical therapy exercises are very effective in aggravating the disease. The exercises should be performed by the patient with the greatest possible care so as not to cause pain and discomfort.
An exacerbation of osteochondrosis of the thoracic region requires a comprehensive approach to treatment on the part of the patient, which will quickly relieve symptoms.
To avoid the development of osteochondrosis of the thoracic region, the patient is recommended to carry out its prevention in a timely manner, which consists in following certain rules:
- The person must be physically active. It is recommended to jog in the morning in the fresh air, warm up the muscles, a visit to the pool.
- If work is associated with a sedentary lifestyle, it is recommended to take periodic breaks.
- To ensure the correct position of the spine during sleep, the use of an orthopedic mattress and pillow is recommended.
- For sedentary work, it is recommended to use a chair that supports your back.
- Lifting excessively heavy objects is strictly prohibited. When carrying loads, do not lift them too roughly.
- When exercising, it is recommended to pay due attention to the abdominal muscles.
- When buying shoes, you need to make sure that they are comfortable and do not bring discomfort.
- A person must adhere to proper nutrition. The diet is based on fruits, vegetables and other foods that include a large amount of vitamins.
When all the rules of prevention are followed, the risk of developing the disease in patients is significantly reduced.
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic region is an unpleasant disease that occurs when exposed to a variety of provoking factors. If the patient shows signs of illness, he should consult a doctor. Only a specialist after performing diagnostic measures will prescribe effective treatment. For the treatment of the disease, drugs, massages, manual therapy, exercise therapy are used. The choice of treatment methods is made by the doctor, depending on the stage of development of the disease.